The Creation

(Die Schöpfung)
   One of the most frequently performed oratorios, composed by Franz Joseph Haydn during all of 1797 and part of 1798 (semi-private premiere at the Palais Schwarzenberg in Vienna in April) to a libretto based (by Lindley) on John Milton’s Paradise Lost and adapted and translated into German by Baron Gottfried van Swieten. It is scored for full classical orchestra, four-voiced chorus and soprano, tenor, and bass soloists. Its three parts require about one and three-quarters hours to perform. In English-speaking locales, the work is often performed in one of several translations. Recitative sets the seven-day creation story from Genesis, while commentary, often from Psalms, is sung with arias and choruses, a grand Handelian chorus marking the end of each day.
   See also The Seasons.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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